The U.S. government and universities are now facing an unprecedented onslaught of fake news.
This week, a coalition of more than 60 prominent professors, researchers, and public intellectuals released a report that identifies a new threat to democracy: the spread of misinformation and disinformation, and the undermining of the democratic process.
The study, “False Information, Deception, and Propaganda: The Politics of Fake News in the 21st Century,” examines how information is used to discredit, control, and marginalize political and civic leaders, and how political institutions respond.
The report’s findings will be used by the U.N. and the World Health Organization to develop and implement the next steps to combat disinformation and propaganda in the twenty-first century.
“It is vital that we tackle this challenge and restore the trust of our democratic processes, and it is essential that we find a way to prevent the spread and dissemination of misinformation,” said Stephen Lendman, professor and chair of the department of information studies at the University of Illinois.
“The only way to do this is to confront the problem head on.”
The report comes on the heels of a spate of fake stories on college campuses in recent weeks, including a false report that a “white nationalist” was planning a rally in the wake of President Donald Trump’s inauguration.
The hoax was widely reported by outlets like the Washington Post, the New York Times, CNN, and MSNBC.
The report identifies eight areas in which fake news is used by political leaders and the media to undermine democracy, and identifies how the U,S.
and U.K. governments are currently working to address this threat.
While the U of I and the UBS, a French university, did not provide the exact scope of the study, it highlights how misinformation can be used to subvert democratic processes.
“We find that fake news and fake news stories are being spread through Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and other social media platforms,” said Lendmaier.
“They are spreading as the result of the disinformation campaigns and disinformation campaigns of political leaders, including politicians, journalists, and academics, as well as social media users, including students.”
In the United States, a study by the Center for Media and Democracy found that Facebook users and journalists had “a disproportionate and persistent role in the spread” of fake information.
“These outlets are not just amplifying false information, but disseminating it and making it widely available,” the report found.
“Facebook has an unprecedented role in disseminating this misinformation.
Facebook, Google, Twitter and other platforms can be said to be the platforms of the information age.”
The study identified five main ways in which misinformation is being used to undermine the political process: spreading misinformation through false news stories, creating false and misleading information on Facebook, creating misleading or false information on the Internet, manipulating and spreading false news about political and political candidates, and spreading misinformation about scientific and academic studies.
“The spread of fake and misleading news, fake and fake media, fake news websites, and false and false news websites is a growing problem, and has a major impact on the democratic processes of the United Kingdom, the United State, and Europe,” said Christopher Riedel, an associate professor at the Center and co-author of the report.
“Fake news, like misinformation and deception, is not just a problem in the United Kingdoms, but in Europe as well.
In Europe, fake stories have become a major source of disinformation, particularly in the media.
In fact, many of these stories are so inaccurate that they are widely believed, and people trust them as fact.”
Lendman added, “The U.A.E. and Europe are among the most susceptible countries to disinformation, because there is a huge amount of misinformation, and fake stories, that are spread on social media.”
The UIC study also identified five additional areas in the world where misinformation and falsehoods are being used by politicians, media, academics, and students.
In particular, it identified how disinformation and falsehood stories are used to delegitimize democratic processes at U. of I, UBS and the University.
The UIC report identifies three areas in particular where false information is being spread at U of T: in the student body, in the undergraduate community, and in the political science department.
“Students and scholars are becoming increasingly skeptical of the credibility of academic research,” said Riedal.
“There is a strong and growing tendency to delegitimate and dismiss academic research as partisan.
For example, students have been taught that the academic process is biased against the right, but that their views should be respected and that they should be allowed to speak freely.”
The next steps for the U and the global community are to: create a system of research integrity, accountability, and transparency to protect academic freedom; establish a transparent process to assess and respond to disinformation and disinformation-related crimes; and work to create a national,