The US has been home to some of the world’s most prestigious universities, including the University of Texas, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University in London.
But many of them have been criticised for high costs and poor academic quality.
Here are our picks for the best American universities.
Texas A&M University – US state champion Since founding in 1867, the University at Austin has been the flagship university of the state.
Since becoming the nation’s second-largest university in 2019, the university has been a champion of academic excellence.
Its alumni include some of US President Donald Trump’s most important advisers, including Education Secretary Betsy DeVos.
But it has also faced criticism for the high cost of living in the state, and its alumni, including US Vice President Mike Pence, have been forced to make personal donations to charity.
University of Chicago – US leader in the arts The University of Illinois is a state institution and the nation´s oldest and largest university.
It is also the oldest public university in the world, and is one of the best-funded.
However, it has faced criticism recently for not investing enough in its arts and sciences programmes.
Its arts and science programmes have seen tuition rises, particularly for students from poorer backgrounds.
Massachusetts Institute, Boston University – world leader in robotics Boston University is a world leader for robotics.
Its robots have been used to help fight fires, to rescue people trapped in floods and to build homes.
It has also been hailed for helping to develop new technology for the medical industry, for example, the technology used in the Apple Watch.
But in 2018, Boston’s president and chancellor resigned in protest against President Donald Trumps decision to withdraw the US from the Paris Climate Agreement.
University College London – top of the UK arts scene The University College of London is one the best known arts colleges in the UK.
Its artistic and cultural activities include performances, exhibitions and lectures.
However its financial position has also come under scrutiny.
In 2018, it faced a £1.7m shortfall on its books.
Duke University – leader in computer science The University at Durham is the second-most prestigious engineering school in the United States, with its graduates being the top of their fields.
But its computers are used by companies across the globe.
The school´s researchers are working on a project to develop a “digital brain” that could be used in a variety of fields, such as medicine, healthcare, education and finance.
Johns Hopkins University – best in the region The University in Baltimore is a leading university in Maryland, and has been praised for its pioneering medical research and its reputation for teaching the latest medical techniques.
However the university is also facing criticism for its low-paid work culture.
The university´s reputation for being a low-wage employer has led to the resignation of many of its staff.
University at Buffalo – leader of New York’s digital culture The University School of New Orleans has recently been ranked the fifth-best school in New York City, and it has received a great deal of attention for its digital culture.
But the university’s alumni are also making personal donations for charity.
Duke – world champion in education The University and College of Duke is the country’s leading university, and the most prestigious in the country.
However it has been criticised in recent years for not providing adequate academic support to its staff, particularly in its education system.
The institution also faced a $1.6m shortfall in 2018.
Harvard University – top in health sciences The Harvard Medical School is the leading medical school in America, and a world-leader in its field of medicine.
However some students complain that the university does not provide enough support for their families and students.
University in Toronto – leader among international universities In 2018 the University and Queen’s University in Ontario were ranked the top two international universities in Canada.
However Harvard University and the London School of Economics have been singled out for criticism over their poor academic performance.
University Medical Centre Groningen – top among Dutch universities The University Medical Center Groningen is a top Dutch university.
In the past it has played a leading role in research in medicine, dentistry, surgery and biophysics.
However in 2018 the university faced a €2.6 million shortfall.
University London – world leading in art The University London is the largest university in England, and one of Britain´s most prestigious.
Its art collection is the biggest in Europe.
However many students are questioning the university´ s culture and its treatment of students who have been victims of domestic violence.
University New York – world-leading in global health It is not the only university in New Yorks capital city that has faced pressure in recent months.
The New York Times said it had “shattered its reputation” as a place of learning for international students,